With the growing number of Cyber Attacks, we at Fourth Wall Technologies decided that it was necessary for us to put out a blog that would give a basic understanding for netizens on how to deal with passwords. So this blog serves as a one stop guide for your password related questions and FAQ’s.
A strong/secured password consists of random letters, numbers and special characters set out in a way that no one can run a program using your password. But a weak password consists of names (including spouses, friends, children, pets etc.), places or dictionary words or DOB.
So what makes a good password good and a bad password bad?
Is it the length? Numbers? Fancy special characters?
A good password is Random. A bad password is Predictable.
A good password is Complex. A bad password is Simple.
A good password is Long. A bad password is Short.
Importance of a Strong Password
From banking to chatting, from social networks to net surfing, an average person spends 11 hours online every day. You may not believe, most people’s passwords aren’t really good, leaving many web users let their information hacked.
Have a look on statistics on passwords.
10,000 of the most common passwords such as 12345, qwerty, asdfgh etc. can access 98 % of all accounts. 90% of passwords generated by users are Vulnerable to hacking. People are using same password for their multiple accounts.
Yahoo mail, Apple’s iCloud, Gmail, Sony Play station network and other major companies accounts were hacked just because of weak passwords.
Allowable Special Characters in Passwords
If you only use numbers or alphabetic then that can be guessed by hackers. Hackers have tools that instantaneously checks all known words, and they try these before trying passwords with special characters. Whenever you only use letters and digits, the probability of guessing the character in any position is 1/62 (there are 62 possibilities). But when you use special characters (32), the probability goes to 1/94. So Special characters are important in passwords.
Some of the special characters used in passwords are as below.
Hexadecimal value Symbol (using the EBCDIC 1047 code page)
By default, NOSPECIALCHARS is in effect and special characters are not supported. If you want to allow special characters, be sure that they are permitted by your password syntax rules. Syntax rules can be created to require special characters.
Weak Password Demo
Weak password contains sequences, repeated characters. For example 123456789, asdfghjk or adjacent letters on your keyboard.
Personal Information, names, birthdays, contact numbers or similar information and dictionary words in any language isn’t secured at all.
SplashData’s top 20 worst passwords in 2017 SplashData’s top 20 worst passwords in 2016
1) 123456 123456
2) password password
3) 12345678 12345
4) qwerty 12345678
5) 12345 football
6) 123456789 qwerty
7) letmein 1234567890
8) 1234567 1234567
9) football princess
10) iloveyou 1234
11) admin login
12) welcome welcome
13) monkey solo
14) login abc123
15) abc123 admin
16) starwars 121212
17) 123123 flower
18) dragon passw0rd
19) passw0rd dragon
20) master sunshine
Strong Password Demo
Most people couldn’t remember lots of passwords without writing them down, so instead they reused a small number of passwords over and over again. And when they were required to change their passwords, they incremented that “1” to a “2” or added another exclamation point.
So make sure you will have a password where no one will guess or no dictionary attacks could take place.
Here are the minimum requirements for a strong password,
At least 8-12 digits, At least a number, At least one uppercase and lowercase, At least one special character.
How to Create a Strong Password
How to make your password strong?
It’s easy to come up with a password. Just type something using keyboard and you can come up with a strong password like 3o(t&gSp&3hZ4#t9. That’s a good one it’s 16 characters, includes a mix of many different types of characters, and is hard to guess because it’s a series of random characters.
The only problem here is memorizing this password. It is hard to drill these characters into your brain. There are many password generators that can help you out with this type of password for you, they’re generally most useful as part of a password manager that will also remember the passwords for you.
How about remembering your strong password?
There are many ways to remember your strong password, one of the method is:
Use a reminder sentence for your password
For example, my sentence could be “Today is Valentine’s Day and I received twelve red roses.”
By using the first letter of each word gives you the following: TiVDaIrtrr
Now I change the word “twelve” into a number and the word “and” into a symbol. My new password then becomes: TiVD+Ir12rr.
We hope that you have got the basic and fundamental understanding on the Passwords. Do comment your opinion about this and let us know your ways of securing and remembering your passwords.